Effect of Transformational Leadership Style and Knowledge Management on Organizational Innovation through Empowerment, Member Creativity and Learning Organization


  • Fransiska Eko Belawati Postgraduate Program in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Tanjungpura, Pontianak. Indonesia
  • Djoko Setyadi
  • M. Irfani Hendri




Transformational leadership, knowledge management, organizational innovation.


In building an innovative organizational climate, one important element is transformational leadership. Headmasters, as leaders, must be able to provide motivation to teachers and make them always innovate in providing learning materials to students. The objective of this study is to analyze and determine the effect of transformational leadership style and knowledge management on organizational innovation through empowerment, member creativity and learning organization. This research includes explanatory research to find and limit what is applicable and researchable. Sampling in this study applies a saturated sampling method of 261 teachers from 6 schools. The results of this study include that: 1) transformational leadership (X1) has a significant and positive effect on empowerment (Z1), 2) transformational leadership (X1) has a significant and positive effect on member creativity (Z2), transformational leadership (X1) has a significant effect and positive on learning organization (Z3), 5) transformational leadership (X1) has a significant and positive effect on organizational innovation (Z4), 6) empowerment (Z1) has no significant and positive effect on organizational innovation (Z4), 7) learning organization (Z3) has significant and positive effect on organizational innovation (Z4), 8) knowledge management (X2) has a significant and positive effect on learning organization (Z3), and 9) knowledge management (X2) has a significant and positive effect on organizational innovation (Z4).



Amabile (1983) – Amabile, T. M. (1983). The social psychology of creativity: A componential conceptualization. Journal of personality and social psychology, 45(2), 357.

Amitay et al. (2005) - Amitay, M., Popper, M., & Lipshitz, R. (2005). Leadership styles and organizational learning in community clinics. The Learning Organization, 12(1), 57-70.

Avolio et al. (2004) - Avolio, B. J., Zhu, W., Koh, W., & Bhatia, P. (2004). Transformational leadership and organizational commitment: Mediating role of psychological empowerment and moderating role of structural distance. Journal of organizational behavior, 25(8), 951-968.

Barroso et al. (2008) - Barroso Castro, C., Villegas Perinan, M. M., & Casillas Bueno, J. C. (2008). Transformational leadership and followers' attitudes: The mediating role of psychological empowerment. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19(10), 1842-1863.

Bass (1985) - Bass, B. M. (1985). Leadership and performance beyond expectations: Collier Macmillan.

Bennis & Nanus (1985) - Bennis, W., & Nanus, B. (1985). The strategies for taking charge. Leaders, New York: Harper. Row.

Burns (1978) - Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership, 1978. New Yorker: Harper & Row.

Calantone et al. (2002) - Calantone, R. J., Cavusgil, S. T., & Zhao, Y. (2002). Learning orientation, firm innovation capability, and firm performance. Industrial marketing management, 31(6), 515-524.

Conger & Kanungo (1988) - Conger, J. A., & Kanungo, R. N. (1988). The empowerment process: Integrating theory and practice. Academy of management review, 13(3), 471-482.

Cui et al. (2005) - Cui, A. S., Griffith, D. A., & Cavusgil, S. T. (2005). The influence of competitive intensity and market dynamism on knowledge management capabilities of multinational corporation subsidiaries. Journal of International Marketing, 13(3), 32-53.

Darroch (2005) - Darroch, J. (2005). Knowledge management, innovation and firm performance. Journal of knowledge management, 9(3), 101-115.

De Geus (1988) - De Geus, A. P. (1988). Planning as learning: Harvard Business Review March/April.

Garcia-Morales et al. (2012) - García-Morales, V. J., Jiménez-Barrionuevo, M. M., & Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, L. (2012). Transformational leadership influence on organizational performance through organizational learning and innovation. Journal of business research, 65(7), 1040-1050.

Gong et al. (2009) - Gong, Y., Huang, J.-C., & Farh, J.-L. (2009). Employee learning orientation, transformational leadership, and employee creativity: The mediating role of employee creative self-efficacy. Academy of management journal, 52(4), 765-778.

Gumusluoğlu & Ilsev (2009) - Gumusluoğlu, L., & Ilsev, A. (2009). Transformational leadership and organizational innovation: The roles of internal and external support for innovation. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 26(3), 264-277.

Hsiao et al. (2009) - Hsiao, H., Chang, J., & Tu, Y. (2009). The influence of the transformational leadership and organizational learning on organizational innovation for electrical and electronic cluster of vocational high school teachers: A Taiwanese perspective. Paper presented at the Proceedings of 2009 International Conference on Social Science and Humanities.

Huber (1991) - Huber, G. P. (1991). Organizational learning: The contributing processes and the literatures. Organization science, 2(1), 88-115.

Jung et al. (2003) - Jung, D. I., Chow, C., & Wu, A. (2003). The role of transformational leadership in enhancing organizational innovation: Hypotheses and some preliminary findings. The leadership quarterly, 14(4-5), 525-544.

Khan et al. (2009) - Khan, R., Rehman, A. U., & Fatima, A. (2009). Transformational leadership and organizational innovation: Moderated by organizational size. African Journal of Business Management, 3(11), 678-684.

Liao & Wu (2010) - Liao, S.-H., & Wu, C.-c. (2010). System perspective of knowledge management, organizational learning, and organizational innovation. Expert systems with Applications, 37(2), 1096-1103.

Mumford & Gustafson (1988) - Mumford, M. D., & Gustafson, S. B. (1988). Creativity syndrome: Integration, application, and innovation. Psychological bulletin, 103(1), 27.

Oldham & Cummings (1996) - Oldham, G. R., & Cummings, A. (1996). Employee creativity: Personal and contextual factors at work. Academy of management journal, 39(3), 607-634.

Özaralli (2003) - Özaralli, N. (2003). Effects of transformational leadership on empowerment and team effectiveness. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 24(6), 335-344.

Redmond et al. (1993) - Redmond, M. R., Mumford, M. D., & Teach, R. (1993). Putting creativity to work: Effects of leader behavior on subordinate creativity. Organizational behavior and human decision processes, 55(1), 120-151.

Sarros et al. (2008) - Sarros, J. C., Cooper, B. K., & Santora, J. C. (2008). Building a climate for innovation through transformational leadership and organizational culture. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 15(2), 145-158.

Shin & Zhou (2003) - Shin, S. J., & Zhou, J. (2003). Transformational leadership, conservation, and creativity: Evidence from Korea. Academy of management journal, 46(6), 703-714.

Stata & Almond (1989) - Stata, R., & Almond, P. (1989). Organizational learning: The key to management innovation. The training and development sourcebook, 2, 31-42.

Tushman & Nadler (1986) - Tushman, M., & Nadler, D. (1986). Organizing for innovation. California management review, 28(3), 74-92.

Wang & Rode (2010) - Wang, P., & Rode, J. C. (2010). Transformational leadership and follower creativity: The moderating effects of identification with leader and organizational climate. Human relations, 63(8), 1105-1128.







Similar Articles

1-10 of 195

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.