Stakeholder Involvement in Tourism Destination Development: A Case of Dunga Beach and Wetland, Kisumu County, Kenya


  • Joshua Otieno Wanga Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology
  • Patrick Odhiambo Hayombe Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology
  • Stephen Gaya Agong Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology
  • Lena M Mossberg Gothenburg University



stakeholder involvement, complex systems, Tourist destinations, dynamic systems


AbstractIn Kenya, Tourism is the second largest source of foreign exchange revenue following agriculture; it however, faces numerous challenges sustainability due the complex nature of tourism destinations. Tourism destinations are complex and dynamic systems that involve various stakeholders each with different understanding of same tourism system. These different perceptions can be tapped to develop a common tourism model that helps achieve the overall sustainable tourism development objective of a given destination. This paper describes participatory systems approach to develop a shared understanding amongst stakeholders of the tourism system in Dunga Beach and Wetland, in Kisumu County, Kenya. The process includes the development of a systems model that represents a holistic understanding of the interconnectedness and relationships between the various components that impact on sustainable development of tourism in Dunga. The model is intended for use as a framework for enhancing ecotourism experiences by stakeholders who are ecotourism experience providers in Dunga for the satisfaction of tourists in Dunga beach and wetland.

Author Biographies

Joshua Otieno Wanga, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology


Patrick Odhiambo Hayombe, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology


Stephen Gaya Agong, Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology

Jaramogi Oginga Odinga University of Science and Technology

Lena M Mossberg, Gothenburg University

Gothenburg University



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