Exploring the Effect of School Management Functions on Student’s Academic Performance: A Dilemma from Public Senior High Schools in Ghana


  • Zhang Huaisheng School of Management Science, Department of Public Administration, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, P.R. China. Email: zhhsh@ujs.edu.cn,Telephone number: +861531236571
  • Blessing Dwumah Manu Department of Public Administration, School of Management Science, Jiangsu University
  • Isaac Adjei Mensah Institute of Applied Systems and Analysis (IASA), Faculty of Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, P.R. China
  • Fan Mingyue School of Management Science, Department of Public Administration, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu 212013, P.R. China
  • Daniel Oduro Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration, Accra-Ghana




management functions, academic performance, public senior high schools, Ghana


In every aspect of life, management has become a crosscutting tool and the axis of performance. There is a broad and ongoing discussion in our academic institutions about the impact of effective management on academic performance. This study, therefore, sought to analyze the effects of school management functions on the likelihood to enhance the academic performance of students in Public SHSs in Ghana. The study used Teacher Professional Development, monitoring and evaluation, Provision of Infrastructure outcomes, Teachers Input, Student Input, P.T.A support and Parental Involvement as variables measuring school management functions. In this study, the descriptive research design was adopted and data of 480 respondents were collected through a questionnaire survey for analysis. With the application of logistic regression analysis as the main statistical tool, the study based on Wald test values, p-values and odds ratio values identified Teacher professional development, Monitoring and evaluation, Provision of infrastructure, Teachers input, Students effort, PTA support, and Parental involvement as school management functions that significantly contributes to the likelihood (probability) of enhancing students academic performance. The study recommended that school management functions with the exception of democratic management should be intensified in various public SHSs so as to enhance students academic performance. 


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