The Development of a Home-stay Village for Providing the Environmental Conservation Tourism Services in Nongbua-Lamphu Province
Keywords:Home stay Model, Environmental Conservation Tourism
AbstractA development of a village for environmental conservation tourism services can build knowledge, attitude and behaviors in practices of an environmental conservation of the people who have experiences in home-stay services. This study aimed to develop a home-stay village for environmental conservation services. The study divided into 2 stages. The first stage was to study and survey general information and operations of the home-stay villages for conservation tourism services. The second stage was to develop the home-stay village for environmental conservation tourism services. The mixed methods were employed for the study with 2 purposively selected villages. Thirty village people with home-stay service experiences were purposively selected and participated in the study. The Paired t-test and F-test (One-way MANCOVA) were employed for testing hypothesis. The major findings revealed the following: 1. The developed home-stay village for environmental conservation tourism services had 6 components : (1) Survey, a study of document, survey of community environment and tourism resources ; (2) Operation, planning operation, publicizing information to the village people, organizing a training on an environmental conservation ; (3) Organization Setting, setting a working committee, accepting home-stay members ; (4) Relations, making a guide book, leaflets ; (5) Service, welcoming to tourists, tourists activities, and nearby tourist activities ; and (6) Evaluation, assessing within the home-stays and requesting for evaluation from the Tourism Authority of Thailand. 2. The village people as a whole and as classified according to home-stay service experiences showed gains in knowledge, attitude and behaviors in practices of an environmental conservation from before attending the environmental conservation training at the .05 level of significance. 3. The village people with 1-3 years of home-stay service experiences showed behaviors in practices of an environmental conservation after attending the training more than the village people with 4-6 years of experiences at the .05 level of significance. However, the two groups of these village people did not indicate knowledge and attitude toward an environmental conservation differently. In conclusion, the developed home-stay village for environmental conservation tourism services could develop knowledge, attitude, and behaviors in an environmental conservation of the people with home-stay service experiences. These people had awareness and responsibility in sustainably environmental conservation in the future.
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