The Cross-conflict of Kriya and Crafts in Indonesia

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18533/jah.v9i10.1994

Keywords:

the cross-conflict, kriya, craft, Indonesia

Abstract

This article aims to find out and understand about the terminology, concept of creation, and quality of kriya and crafts. This research is a qualitative descriptive, namely various attempts to understand the phenomenon of Indonesian kriya based on existing facts. The arranged data is information data generated through literature and document studies based on the trustworthiness of naturalistic studies. The results of the study show that the chaos between kriya and crafts from the past until now has made the demands of tasks and responsibilities of kriyawan, while craftsmen tend to ignore the quality of the work produced. Kriyawan tend to move in areas that lead to aesthetic qualities in the sense of pursuing beautiful kriya, and emphasize skill as an important variable and ignore the function of the work. Meanwhile, with the entry of tourism, craftsmen tend to ignore the quality of materials and skills. The work is made randomly because of the pursuit of money. The phenomenon of decreasing quality of kriya and handicrafts really needs to be studied further, so that the dichotomy of the two becomes clear and the quality of novelty in their respective responsibilities increases. The novelty of kriya is a distinctive, creative demand full of meaning, while novelty in craft is the accuracy of the imitation in order to fulfill the industrial world.

Author Biography

I Ketut Sunarya, Yogyakarta State University,

Kriya Education Study Program, Language and Art Faculty

References

Affendi, Y. (2000). Keindustrian dalam seni kriya, in: Baranul Anas et al. (Eds.), Refleksi Seni Rupa Indonesia; Dulu, Kini dan Esok. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, pp. 91–98.

Ahimsa-Putra, H. S. (2009, May). Seni kriya dan pelestariannya di Indonesia. Paper presented at the Seminar Nasional Jurusan Kriya. Yogyakarta: Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta.

Bandem, I. M. (2002, September). Mengembangkan lingkungan sosial yang mendukung kriya seni. Paper presented at the Seminar Kriya Internasional Seni Rupa 2002. Yogyakarta: Pascasarjana, Institut Seni Indonesia.

Barthers, R. (1981). The Theory of the text. London: Reutledge.

Bencito the Traveller. (2008, September 7). Retrieved October 12, 2020, from Interesting Masks at Gift Shop, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bencito_traveller/4748730221/in/photostream/

Bernet-Kempers, A. J. (1960). Bali purbakala, petunjuk tentang peninggalan-peninggalan purbakala di Bali. (Soekmono, Trans.) Jakarta: Ichtiar.

Budisantoso, S. (1990, May). Seni kriya dan pengembangannya. Paper presented at the Seminar Kriya 1990. Yogyakarta: Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta.

Collingwood, R. G. (1938). The principle of art. Oxford: The Clarendon Press.

Fuadi, Z. (2020, August 19). Ubud Art Market Best Shopping Spot in Ubud Bali. Retrieved October 12, 2020, from https://idetrips.com: https://idetrips.com/ubud-art-market/

Gustami, S. P. (2000). Seni kerajinan mebel ukir Jepara, kajian estetik melalui pendekatan multidisiplin. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Gustami, S. P. (2002, September). Seni kriya akar seni rupa Indonesia. Paper presented at the Seminar Kriya Internasional Seni Rupa 2002. Yogyakarta: Pascasarjana, Institut Seni Indonesia.

Gustami, S. P. (2007). Butir-butir mutiara estetika timur, ide dasar penciptaan seni kriya Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Prasista.

Gustami, S., Wardani, L. K., & Setiawan, A. H. (2014). Craft Arts and Tourism in Ceramic Art Village of Kasongan in Yogyakarta. Journal of Arts and Humanities (JAH), 3(2), 37–48.

Halliday, M., & Hasan, R. (1992). Bahasa, konteks, dan teks. (A. Barori Tou, Trans.) Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Preass.

Hartoko, D. (1984). Manusia dan seni. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Kanisius.

Haryono, T. (2002, September). Terminologi dan perwujudan seni kriya masa lalu dan masa kini sebuah pendekatan historis-arkeologi. Paper presented at the Seminar International Seni Rupa 2002. Yogyakarta: Pascasarjana, Institut Seni Indonesia.

Holt, C. (2000). Melacak jejak perkembangan seni di Indonesia. (R. M. Soedarsono, Trans.) Bandung: Masyarakat Seni Pertunjukan Indonesia.

Howkins, J. (2001). The creative economy. New York: Pinguin Books.

Joedawinata, A. (1990, May). Sejarah dan pendidikan kriya di Indonesia. Paper presented at the Seminar Kriya 1990. Yogyakarta: Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta.

Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. (1993). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Kodiran. (2000, June). Perkembangan kebudayaan dan implikasinya terhadap perubahan sosial di Indonesia. Paper presented at the Inauguration of Professor Drs. Kodiran at Gadjah Mada University. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University.

Kuntowijoyo. (1999). Budaya dan masyarakat. Yogyakarta: PT. Tiara Wacana Yogya.

Mirsa, I. G. (1977/1978). Penanggulangan pengaruh negatif budaya asing terhadap budaya Bali. Denpasar: Sasana Budaya Bali.

Picard, M. (2006). Bali pariwisata budaya dan budaya pariwisata. (J. Couteau, & W. Wisatana, Trans.) Jakarta: d’Extreme-Orient.

Purnata, I. M. (1976/1977). Sekitar perkembangan seni rupa di Bali. Denpasar: Proyek Sasana Budaya Bali.

Ruastiti, N. M. (2019). Pendet Memendak Dance in Kerambitan village, Tabanan, Bali. Journal of Arts and Humanities (JAH), 8(6), 65–76. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/journal.v8i6.1652

Shea, J. J. (2013). Stone tools in the Palaeolithic and Neolithic near east: A guide. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Soedarso, S. P. (1990, May). Pendidikan seni kriya. Paper presented at the Seminar Kriya 1990. Yogyakarta: Institut Seni Indonesia.

Soedarso, S. P. (Ed.). (1991). Beberapa catatan tentang perkembangan kesenian kita. Yogyakarta: Badan Penerbit Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta.

Soedarsono, R. M. (2002). Seni pertunjukan Indonesia di era globalisasi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Soekiman, D. (2000). Kebudayaan Indis dan gaya hidup masyarakat pendukungnya di Jawa, Abad XVIII- Medio Abad XX. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Bentang Budaya.

Sudarta, G. M. (1975). Bali dalam tiga generasi. Jakarta: PT Gramedia.

Sukarman. (1970). Mau dibawa kemana seni ukir Indonesia dewasa ini. Sani, 3-7.

Supono, P. (1973). Pameran Seni Rupa Dies Natalis STSRI ASRI ke-24, Selayang pandang. Sani, 7-15.

Supratikno, R., Munandar, A. A., & Zuhdi, S. (1998). Sejarah kebudayaan Bali, kajian perkembangan dan dampak pariwisata. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Suryajaya, M. (2016). Sejarah estetika: Era klasik sampai kontemporer. Jakarta: Gang Kabel.

Swasono, M. F. (2003, October). Kebudayaan nasional Indonesia penataan pola pikir. Paper presented at the Kongres Kebudayaan V (pp. 1-10). Bukit Tinggi, Indonesia: FISIP-UI.

Tabrani, P. (2006). Kreativitas dan humanitas, Sebuah studi kreativitas dalam perikehidupan manusia. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

www.ubudvillasrental.com. (2019, October 31). Retrieved October 12, 2020, from Balinese Arts and Crafts in Ubud: https://www.ubudvillasrental.com/balinese-arts-and-crafts-in-ubud/

Zoetmulder, P., & Robson, S. (1995). Kamus Jawa Kuna Indonesia. Jakarta: Kamus Jawa Kuna Indonesia.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-04

Issue

Section

Article