Legal Protection Arrangements for Children as a Victim of Criminal Rape Action in Household
AbstractCases of criminal acts of decency experienced by children, from time to time is increasing. In Indonesia in handling rape cases or immoral acts, victims are often placed as evidence, not as seekers of justice. This raises classic problems including philosophical problems, the legal protection it imposes as a current arrangement against children as victims of domestic violence has not been effective, Theoretical Prolematics, the system adopted by the Criminal Procedure Code (KUHAP) is retributive justice, which is a policy where the point of protection is the offender oriented rather than restorative justice which focuses on the protection policy for victims of crime and juridical problematics, policies whose point of protection is the offender oriented. The purpose of this research is to analyze and formulate arrangements for legal protection for children as victims of household rape in the future. This research is a normative juridical research, then the approach used is the statutory approach, concept approach, historical approach, case approach, and philosophical approach. Legal material analysis techniques are carried out in perspective. The results showed that to overcome systemic sexual violence against women, especially children, efforts are needed to change the legal system and breakthroughs so that the law accommodates the needs and interests of women victims of violence based on the experiences of victims of violence and how they deal with the legal process.
. Abdlatif & Ali, H. (2010). Perihal Kaedah Hukum. Bandung. Citra Aditya Bakti.
. Anonym. (2017). Salahkan Pelaku, Bukan Korban Perkosaan. Memantau Media Massa Seputar Berita Perkosaan. Women Journal, 71, 34-39.
. Atmasasmita, R. (1995). Kapita Selekta Hukum Pidana dan Kriminologi. Bandung. Mandar Maju.
. Fact Sheet and Key Points Annual Note (CATAHU) of the National Commission for Women in 2018, the erosion of the Safe Space for Women in the Vortex of Populism Politics, Jakarta 7 March 2018.
. Fanani, E.R. (2008). Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2004 TentangKekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga, Antara Terobosan Hukum Dan Fakta Pelaksanaannya. Journal of Indonesian Legislation, 5(3).
. Farhan. (2010). Aspek Hukum Perdagangan Orang Di Indonesia. Jakarta. Sinar Grafika.
. Koesparmono, I. (2009). Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia. Jakarta. Yayasan Brata Bhakti.
. Mansur, A. & Gultom, E. (2008). Urgensi Perlindungan Korban Kejahatan antara Norma dan Realita. Jakarta. Rajawali Press.
. ____________________. (2006). Urgensi Perlindungan Sulistyowati Irianto dan L.I. Nurtjahyo, Perempuan di Persidangan Pemantauan Peradilan Berperspektif Perempuan. First Edition. Jakarta. The Obor Indonesia Foundation collaborates with Convention Watch, UI's Gender and Women Study Center, and NZAID.
. Muladi. (2005). Hak Asasi (Anak) dalam Realitas Quo Vadis? in a collection of human rights texts (essence, concepts and implications in the perspective of law and society). Bandung. Refika Aditama.
. Rahadjo, S. (2000). Ilmu Hukum. Bandung. Citra Aditya Bhakti.
. Sidabalok, H. (2012). Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Anak Sebagai KorbanTindak Pidana Pemerkosaan yang Dilakukan oleh Anak. Jakarta. Rajawali Press.
. Sudarto. (1986). Kapita Selekta Hukum Pidana. Bandung. Alumni.
. Theodora, S.P. (1995). Upaya Perlindungan Korban Kejahatan melalui Lembaga Restitusi dan Kompensai. Jakarta. MAPPI. FH UI.
. Utsman, S. (2010). Menuju Penegakan Hukum Responsif. Yogyakarta. Pustaka Pelajar, 2010.
Laws And Regulations
. Indonesia, the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, 1945.
. Indonesia, Law Number 40 of 2007 concerning Limited Liability Company Government Regulation No. 47 of 2012 concerning the Social Responsibility of the Republic of Indonesia.
. Indonesia, Decision of the Republic of Indonesia Constitution Number. 53/PUU-VI/2008, Proposal for Examination of Law Number 40 in 2007 concerning Limited Corporation, for the Year of 1945 Regulations.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).