Posters as a Means of Learning and Communication in Internship Period
Keywords:Media education, Posters, Visual media in learning.
AbstractThis article describes a pedagogical experiment and a research project in which a large sample of ninth-graders (N=93) in the Finnish basic education were introduced to an optional, visual reporting method concerning their internship period (TET). The students were asked to take photos during the two weeks internship period of an interesting profession or work task, an interesting person doing his/her work, an interesting work process, or in general of the most interesting or impressive learning experiences. After the internship period the students composed a poster out of selected visual material and added a title plus some supporting text of their written memos. In the end, these posters were presented publicly on the school net and shared during the educational and vocational guidance lessons. As researchers, we were interested in how these students experienced this innovative, visual reporting method; for example, what were their ideas behind the selection of visual material and visual communication when making the posters. It showed that this alternative way of working led the pupils into a pedagogically valuable dialogue with pictures about the important aims of their learning process as a whole.
Brophy, J. (2008). Developing students’ appreciation for what is taught in school. Educational psychologist 43(3), 132-141.
Byman, R. & Kansanen, P. (2008). Pedagogical thinking in a student’s mind: a conceptual clarification on the basis of self-determination and volition theories. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research 52(6), 603-621.
FNCC (2004). Finnish National Core Curriculum. Finnish National Board of Education.
Jewitt, C. (2002). The move from page to screen: the multimodal reshaping of school English. Visual Communication 1, 171–195.
Kairavuori, S. & Sintonen, S. (2012) Arts Education: Instruments of Expression and Communication. In Niemi, H., Toom, A. & Kallioniemi, A. (Eds.) Miracle of Education. The Principles and Practices of Teaching and Learning in Finnish Schools. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 209-223.
Knif, L. & Kairavuori, S. (2013). Cultural aspects in understanding the visual arts - Pedagogical perspectives in (multi)cultural interaction In Tirri, K. & Kuusisto, E. (Eds.). Interaction in Educational Domains. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 115-129.
Kress, G. (1997) Before Writing: Rethinking the Paths to Literacy. London: Routledge.
Kress, G. (2003) Literacy in the New Media Age. Oxon: Routledge.
Kupiainen, R. (2007). Voiko kuvaa lukea? Visuaalisen kulttuurin kysymyksiä [Can you read pictures? Questions of visual culture] In Rossi, L.-M. & Seppä, A. (Eds.) Tarkemmin katsoen. Visuaalisen kulttuurin lukukirja. [Looking closer. The reading book of visual culture] Helsinki: Gaudeamus.
Kynäslahti, H., Vesterinen, O., Lipponen, L., Vahtivuori-Hänninen, S. & Tella, S. (2008). Towards Volitional Media Literacy Through Web 2.0. Educational Technology 48(5), 3–9.
Mitchell, W. J. T. (1994). The Pictorial Turn. In Picture Theory. Essays on Verbal and Visual Representation. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press. 11-34.
Mylläri, J., Kynäslahti, H., Vesterinen, O., Vahtivuori-Hänninen, S., Lipponen, L. & Tella, S., (2011) Students' pedagogical thinking and the use of ICTs in teaching. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research 55(5), 537-550.
Mäyrä, F. (2007). Viesti, kuva, peli. Virtuaaliutopioista pelikulttuurien syntyyn. [Message, picture, game. From virtual utopias to the beginning of game cultures] In Rossi, L.-M. & Seppä, A. (Eds.) Tarkemmin katsoen. Visuaalisen kulttuurin lukukirja. [Looking closer. The reading book of visual culture] Helsinki: Gaudeamus.
Pink, S. (2001). Doing Visual Ethnography: Images, Media and Representation in Research. London: Sage Publications.
Seppä, A. (2007). Kulttuurin kuvallistuminen. Teknologisoitumisen seuraus vai teoreettinen ylilyönti? [The Pictorialisation of culture]. In Rossi, L.-M. & Seppä, A. (Eds.) Tarkemmin katsoen. Visuaalisen kulttuurin lukukirja. [Looking closer. The reading book of visual culture] Helsinki: Gaudeamus.
Seppänen, J. (2001). Katseen voima. Kohti visuaalista lukutaitoa [The power of the look. Towards visual literacy] Tampere: Vastapaino.
Yamada-Rice, D. (2011). New media, evolving multimodal literacy practices and the potential impact of increased use of the visual mode in the urban environment on young children's learning. Literacy (UKLA), (45)1, 32–43.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).