Current Form of Reciprocity Between Land Owners Peasant and Peasant Laborer
Keywords:Current form of reciprocity, peasants, landowner, laborer
AbstractThe main focus of this research is aimed to discover the current form of reciprocity between landowners and farm laborers in the rural areas of Purbalingga and Banyumas, Central Java Province, Indonesia. This research is also aimed to find how the patront can maintain their work relation to client. This study uses a qualitative descriptive. All peasant who were working as peasant laborers in the research location included as the research subject. The determination of informant is done by purposive sampling, while the number of informants is not determined rigidly but is adjusted to the needs and completeness of the data. The result of the study shows that the forms of reciprocal relations is general and some are special. In reciprocal relationships which are general, it inclined to be symmetrical and fair. However in some other cases that were special, there is symmetrical or asymmetrical reciprocal relationship. Suggestion to be given is that symmetrical reciprocal relationships are better be maintained so the quality of relationship will improved, while for relationships that are asymmetrical and unfair can also be improved by providing sufficient space for peasant workers through integrated and sustainable empowerment.
A. Falk, U. Fischbacher. 2006. A theory of reciprocity. Games and Economic Behavior Vol 54 (2), 293-315.
A.W. Gouldner. 1960. “The Norm of Reciprocity: A Preliminary Statement”
Dalam American Sociological Review 25:161-178.Washington University at St. Louis.
Blau, Peter M. 1964. Exchange and Power in Social Life. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. London. New York.
D. Baldassarri. 2015. Cooperative Networks: Altruism, Group Solidarity, Reciprocity, and Sanctioning in Ugandan Producer Organizations. American journal of sociology. Vol 121 (2), 355-95.
D. Dumasari, W. Watemin. 2013. Karakteristik sosial ekonomi petani miskin dalam pengelolaan usaha mikro tourism souvenir goods. Mimbar: Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan, 29 (2), 205-214.
D. Dumasari, and T.S.M. Rahayu. (2016). Management strategy of creative souvenir microenterprise for the Empowerment of craftsmen peasant. Mimbar: Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan, 32 (1), 175-186.
D. Dumasari, B. Dharmawan, I. Santosa, W. Darmawan, P. Utami, DD. Aisyah. 2019. Sociocultural and Economic Conditions as Causes of the Weakened Social Cohesion in Landless Peasants. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 08 (06), 11-18.
Homans, George Casper. 1974. Social Behavior: Its Elementary Forms. Harcout Brace. New York.
M.A. Damisa, E. Igonoh. 2007. An evaluation of the adoption of integrated soil fertility management practices among women farmers in Danja, Nigeria. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension 13(2), 107–16.
M. Sahlins. 1972. Stone Age Economics. Chicago: Aldine-Atherton,Inc
M. Thomas, S. Caillon. 2016. Effects of farmer social status and plant biocultural value on seed circulation networks in Vanuatu. Ecology and Society 21(2):13.
M. Mauss. 1992. Pemberian: Bentuk dan fungsi Tukar-menukar di Masyarakat Kuno, (terj.) Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia
P. Mapfumo. 2009. Integrating sustainable soil fertility management innovations in staple cereal systems and other value chains to enhance livelihoods and environmental systems in Southern Africa. SOFECSA Annual Report for SSA-CP FARA. Harare, SOFECSA, CIMMYT. 27, 415–44.
Poloma, Margaret. 2010. Sosiologi Kontemporer. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.
Santosa, Imam and Agus Suyanto, 2017. The Benefits of Mix Farming Agribusiness to Strengthen Food Sustainability of The Farmer Househols At Agrotourism Areas. Journal of Art & Humanities, Vol 6 (12). Canada: MIR Socio and Economic Research.
Santosa, Imam and Achmad Iqbal. 2018. The Basic Social Values which underlies Social Institutions of Farmers in the Rural Agro-Tourism Area of Central Java. Canada: MIR Socio and Economic Research. Vol 7 (1
Scott, James C. 1984. The Moral Economy of the Peasant. LP3ES. Jakarta
T. Mashavave, P. Mapfumo, F. Mtambanengwe, T. Gwandu, S. Siziba. 2013. Interaction patterns determining improved information and knowledge sharing among smallholder farmers. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. Vol 8 (1), 1-12.
Rustinsyah. 2011. “Hubungan Patron-Klien di Kalangan Petani Di Desa Kebonrejo”. Jurnal Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik Universitas Airlangga. Vol. 24 No. 2. Page: 176-182. Surabaya: UNAIR.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).