Current Form of Reciprocity Between Land Owners Peasant and Peasant Laborer


  • Imam - Santosa Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University
  • Muslihudin Muslihudin
  • Wiwiek R. Adawiyah Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Jenderal Soedirman University



Current form of reciprocity, peasants, landowner, laborer


The main focus of this research is aimed to discover the current form of reciprocity between landowners and farm laborers in the rural areas of Purbalingga and Banyumas, Central Java Province, Indonesia. This research is also aimed to find how the patront can maintain their work relation to client. This study uses a qualitative descriptive. All peasant who were working as peasant laborers in the research location included as the research subject. The determination of informant is done by purposive sampling, while the number of informants is not determined rigidly but is adjusted to the needs and completeness of the data. The result of the study shows that the forms of reciprocal relations is general and some are special. In reciprocal relationships which are general, it inclined to be symmetrical and fair. However in some other cases that were special, there is symmetrical or asymmetrical reciprocal relationship. Suggestion to be given is that symmetrical reciprocal relationships are better be maintained so the quality of relationship will improved, while for relationships that are asymmetrical and unfair can also be improved by providing sufficient space for peasant workers through integrated and sustainable empowerment.


Author Biography

  • Imam - Santosa, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University
    Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Jenderal Soedirman University.


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