Effects of Poverty on Urban Residents’ Living and Housing Conditions in Nigeria


  • Babatunde Femi Akinyode Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), P.M.B.4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
  • Emilia Oluwafolakemi Martins Department of Architecture, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Nigeria.




Housing, Housing Conditions, Poverty, socio-economic status, Urban Residents


The importance of housing has made it received much attention worldwide among scholars and policy makers as a potential tool for man’s productivity. However, little is known about the poverty implications on the living and housing condition among Nigerian residents. This study aims at examining the effects of poverty among urban residents on their living and housing conditions in Nigeria. Questionnaires administration was made among 400 residents to assess residential attributes. Qualitatively supported with the aid of personal interview, observation and photographs. Correlation analysis was drawn between the residents’ socio-economic status and housing condition. Results through descriptive analysis established that majority of the housing exhibit deterioration condition. This resulted from the socio-economic situation and high poverty level of the residents. The result also showed robust and positive relationship between residents socio-economic and urban housing condition. This positive relationship demonstrates support for the negative impacts on the welfare of the residents. Urban housing attributes are of importance for residents’ safety, comfort and convenience to enhance productivity. In view of this, the authors are of opinion that, urgent attention is highly necessary if the residents are to live in an environment that is safe, convenience and comfortable in order to enhance their productivity.

Author Biographies

  • Babatunde Femi Akinyode, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), P.M.B.4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
    Babatunde Femi Akinyode obtained Full Professional Diploma (FTP, 1991) in Urban and Regional Planning from The Polytechnic, Ibadan; Master degree in Urban and Regional planning (MURP, 1998) from university of Ibadan; Master degree in Business Administration (MBA, 2002) from Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Nigeria and Ph.D in Urban and Regional Planning from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). He is working in the department of Urban and Regional Planning, LAUTECH, Ogbomoso, Nigeria. His research interests focus on Housing and Studio Planning.
  • Emilia Oluwafolakemi Martins, Department of Architecture, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Nigeria.
    Emilia Oluwafolakemi Martins obtained B.ARCH in Architecture from University of Nigeria, Nzuka (UNN), Nigeria in 1978. She is presently working in the department of Architecture, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Nigeria. She is a registered member of Nigerian Institute of Architect (NIA) and a registered Architect. Her research interests include traditional housing and Urban Design.


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