Model for Empowering Farmers at Dry Land through Quadruple Helix Approach
Keywords:Dry land, Farmers Empowerment, Quadruple Helix.
AbstractThere are many potentials in the sector of silvoagriculture, silvopastura and silvoagrofishery at Kandri and Cepoko district as “green belt” areas of Semarang. Unfortunately, these potentials do not give a significant impact on society yet. This is due to the lack of farmer’s institution system, limited human resource, and infrastructure. The Triple Helix approach involving academician, businessman, and government is found to be less optimal. The study aims to assess the effectiveness of the model used for empowering the farmers at dry land area through the Quadruple Helix approach as the development of Triple Helix one involving academician, businessman, civil society, and government. The locus of the research area is Kandri and Cepoko district at Gunungpati subdistrict in Semarang City of Central Java Province, Indonesia. This research employed qualitative and quantitative approaches. In the qualitative approach, the data are analyzed using an interactive model. While the quantitative approach, Human Development Index (HDI) analysis is employed. The results find that farmers' empowerment program is conducted through the Quadruple Helix approach by involving academicians, businessmen, local governments and civil society groups at the villages. Then, the HDI calculation results show that the index of human development in Kandri has decreased 0.09444. Before the program, it was amounted from 0.82367 to 0.72923. Whereas, the human development index of farmers in Cepoko before the program has increased from 0.83142 to 0.84085. Its increase reaches 0.09425. This indicates that the farmer group at Cepoko district is more resistant to national economic issues such as the weak exchange rate than the farmers in Kandri disctrict. Therefore, this study makes recommendation that farmers should organize integrated farming by establishing integrated economic region so that they can make use of existing resources efficiently and effectively.
Alphonsus O. Isidiho and Moh Shatar B. Sabran. (2016). Evaluating the Top-Bottom and Bottom-Up Community Development Approaches: Mixed Method Approach as Alternative for Rural Un-Educated Communities in Developing Countries. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. MCSER Publishing, Rome-Italy . Vol 7 No 4 July
Asmoro, Eddi I. 2012. Perancangan Inkubator Model Triple Helix Untuk Efektivitas Proses Knowledge Transfer Sebagai Strategi Pengembangan IKM. Makalah. Proceeding Call for Paper Pekan Ilmiah Dosen FEB 14 Desember. UKSW
Bappeda. (2014). Kota Semarang Dalam Angka. Kota Semarang : Badan Pusat Statistik
Bercovitz,J dan Feldman, M. “Entrepreunerial Universities and Technology Transfer: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Knowledge-Based Economic Development, The Journal of Technology Transfer (31:1) 2006,pp 175-188.
Bogdan, R.C. & Biklen. (1998). Qualitative Recearch for Education : An Introduction to Theory and Methods. Allyn and Bacon. Boston. London
Brian D. Christens. (2012). Targeting empowerment in community development: a community psychology approach to enhancing local power and well-being. Community Development Journal. Vol 47 No 4 October 2012 pp. 538–554
Dinas PSDA Jawa Tengah. (2008). Kebijakan Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Air Provinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 2012-2032. Diakses dari psda.jatengprov.go.id/ppid/dokumen/Pergub-No-48.
Dwi H. Mulyaningsih. (2014). Enhancing Innovation in Quadruple Helix Perspektive : The Case of The Business Incubators in Indonesia. International Conference on Global Trends in Academic Research, June 2-3. GTAR© 2014 Bali, Indonesia Global Illuminators, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Listya C. Darmawan. (2016). Analysis of urban agriculture sustainability in Metropolitan Jakarta (case study: urban agriculture in Duri Kosambi) . Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 227 (95 – 100)
Loet,L. (2012). The Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix, and an N-Tuple of Helices : Explanatory Modelsfor Analyzing The Knowledge- Based Economy. Journal Knowledge Economic, 3(2), 25-35
Mulyana. 2014. Peran Quadruple Helix Dalam Meningkatkan Kapabilitas Inovasi dan Keunggulan Bersaing. Makalah. 3rd Economics and Business Research Festival, 13 Nopember. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis UKSW
Oscar. A., S. Monterino, & M. Thomshon. (2010). A Grrowth Model for Quadruple Helix Innovation Theory. Journal of Business Economics and Management. 13(4), 1-31
Restutiningsih. NL, I Ketut Surya Diarta, I Wayan Sudarta. (2016). Motivasi Petani dalam Berusahatani Hortikultura di Desa Wisata Candikuning, Kecamatan Baturiti, Kabupaten Tabanan. E-Jurnal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata ISSN: 2301-6523 Vol.5, No.1, Januari 2016
Saidi, Zaim dan Hamid Abidin (2004), Menjadi Bangsa Pemurah : Wacana dan Praktek Kedermawanan Sosial di Indonesia, Jakarta : Piramedia
Soesilowati dkk. (2016). Strategic Policies for Increasing the Competitive Powers of Indonesian Horticultural Products in ASEAN Markets. Pertanika Journal. Social Science & Humanities. 24 (S): 95 - 110 (2016)
..................... (2016). IbW Unnes- Pemerintah Kota Semarang. Laporan Kegiatan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat DRPM Ristek Dikti.
................, Dyah Rini Indriyanti, dan Widiyanto. (2011). Model Corporate Social Responsibility dalam Program Pemberdayaan Petani Hortikultura. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Volume 12, Nomor 1, Juni 2011, hlm.102-117
Suryana. (2000). Ekonomi Pembangunan: Problematika dan Pendekatan. Edisi Pertama, Jakarta: Salemba Empat.
Xiaobo.W. & V. Sivalogathasan. (2013). Intellectual Capital for Innovation Capability : A Conceptual Model for Innovation. International Journal of Trade and Finance, 4 (3). 139 - 144
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).