The Happy Beginning of Z The Belle,Weltbürgerin


  • Anca Peiu University of Bucharest, Romania



Modernism – Postmodernism, Transnationalism – Weltbürgertum, poetry – non-poetry, fiction – non-fiction, metafiction, irony, love (and) letters


The source of inspiration for my essay is Therese Anne Fowler’s book Z: A Novel by Zelda Fitzgerald,St. Martin’s Press, New York, 2013.  This exceptionally well documented volume is what made me start my own research of Zelda Fitzgerald’s original literary output. Linking facts to fiction (and Zelda’s non-fiction, as well as Gertrude Stein’s non-poetry), I have come to better understand and appreciate Therese Anne Fowler’s insight and hard work, dedicated to a tragic writer of the Roaring Twenties, better known under her mask as an emblematic flapper.


Brucolli, Matthew J., Ed., The Collected Writings of Zelda Fitzgerald, With an Introduction by

Mary Gordon, The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, 1997

Bryer, Jackson R. & Cathy W. Barks, Eds., Dear Scott, Dearest Zelda: The Love Letters of F. Scott

& Zelda Fitzgerald, Bloomsbury, London, New York, 2003

Dickinson, Emily, The Poems of Emily Dickinson, Edited by R. W. Franklin, The Belknap Press of

Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London, England, 2005

Fowler, Anne Therese, Z: A Novel of Zelda Fitzgerald, St. Martin’s Press, New York, 2013

Hawthorne, Nathaniel, “Wakefield,” in vol. Selected Short Stories of Nathaniel Hawthorne,

Edited with an Introduction by Alfred Kazin, Fawcett Premier, New York, NY,

USA, 1991, pp. 45 – 53

Stein, Gertrude, “If I Told Him: A Completed Portrait of Picasso” (first published in Vanity Fair in

, from

Stevens, Wallace, Collected Poetry and Prose, The Library of America, New York, NY, USA, 1997

Wilde, Oscar, The Epigrams of Oscar Wilde, Wordsworth Reference Series, London, UK, 2007