Landscape of Industry: Transformation of (Eco) Industrial Park through history


  • Archana Sharma Morgan State University



industrial park, eco-industrial park, urban landscape, planning, sustainable development, history


The landscape of industry has been changing over time. Industry has transformed and many tangents have emerged from the sporadic home-based cottage industries to geographically scattered large manufacturing industries to co-located industrial parks to environment friendly eco-industrial parks. Curiosity about the catalysts that bring about the transformation of industrial landscape is the motivation of this article. Through the narrative on Industrial Park and the gradual shift towards Eco-Industrial Park, this article aims to shed light on the context and conditions that act as catalysts for industrial transformations, so as to serve as a reference for predicting future changes in industrial landscape. 

Author Biography

Archana Sharma, Morgan State University

Dr. Archana Sharma is a Professor of Landscape Architecture Program at Morgan State University and a Co-Editor of the Journal of Biourbanism. With teaching and research experience spanning from India, Singapore, Australia and the USA, her research on critical design thinking in greenways, urban landscapes and sustainable cities has been funded and published in peer-reviewed publications. She serves on the ASLA Committee on Education and IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management.


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