An Analysis of the Composing Techniques of Brahms's Piano Quartet Op.25 and Op.26


  • Zhuoxin Yang California State of University, Fresno



, Brahms, Piano Quartet, Composing Technique


The two piano quartets Op. 25 and Op. 26 were created when Brahms's personal style was approaching his first maturity. Both works were written in 1861 and published in 1863. Although these two works were created in pairs at short intervals, Op. 26 was more exquisite and mature than Op. 25. The contrast between the two works are the focus of this paper.

Author Biography

Zhuoxin Yang, California State of University, Fresno

College of Arts and Humanities


Drinker H S. The chamber music of Johannes Brahms. Greenwood Pub Group, 1932.

Mason, Daniel Gregory. The Chamber Music of Brahms. AnnArbor, Michigan: J.W. Edwards, 1950.

Ferguson Donald N. Image and Structure in Chamber Music. University of Minnesota Press,1964.

Homer Ulrich, Chamber Music. Columbia University Press, 1966. 5、Brahms, Johannes, et al. Klavierquartett, g-Moll, Opus 25: Piano Quartet in G Minor, Op. 25. G. Henle Verlag, 1973.

Brahms, Johannes. Quartett für Klavier, Violine, Viola Und Violoncello, A-Dur, Opus26. Henle, 1974.

Keys I C B. Brahms chamber music. British Broadcasting Corporation, 1974.

Frisch W M. Brahms's sonata structures and the principle of developing variation. University of California, Berkeley, 1981.

Musgrave M. The music of Brahms. Oxford University Press, 1985.

Wolff K. Masters of the keyboard: individual style elements in the piano music of Bach, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, and Brahms. Indiana University Press, 1990.

Brahms J. Johannes Brahms: life and letters. Oxford University Press on Demand, 2001.

Hefling S. Nineteenth-century chamber music. Routledge, 2004.

Notley, Margaret Anne. Lateness and Brahms: Music and Culture in the Twilight of Viennese Liberalism. Oxford; New York: Oxford UP, 2007.

Beller-McKenna, D. Brahms and the German spirit. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. 2004.Geiringer K. Brahms: his life

and work. Da Capo Press, 2009.

Walter Frisch & Kevin C. Karnes, Brahms and His World:(Revised Edition). Princeton University Press, 2009.

A History of Western Music: Ninth International Student Edition. WW Norton & Company, 2014.

Mason, Daniel Gregory. “The Pianoforte Quartet of Brahms in G Minor, Op. 25.” The Musical Times, vol. 73, no. 1075, 1932, pp. 785–789.

Mason, Daniel Gregory. “The Pianoforte Quartet of Brahms in A Major, Op. 26.” The Musical Times, vol. 73, no. 1076, 1932, pp. 881–885.

Kendall R. “Brahms's Knowledge of Bach's Music.” Papers of the American Musicological Society, 1941: 50-56.

Fry, J. “Brahms's Conception of the Scherzo in Chamber Music.” The Musical Times, vol. 84, no. 1202, 1943, pp. 105–107.

Tovey, D F. “Brahms's Chamber Music.” The Mainstream of Music and Other Essays, 1949: 220-270.

Jacob, G. “Schoenberg and Brahms's Op. 25.” Music & Letters, 1951: 252-255.

Pascall, Robert. “Ruminations on Brahms's Chamber Music.” The Musical Times, vol. 116, no. 1590, 1975, pp. 697–699.

Webster, James. “Schubert's Sonata Form and Brahms's First Maturity.” 19th-Century Music, vol. 2, no. 1, 1978, pp. 18–35.

Webster, James. “Schubert's Sonata Form and Brahms's First Maturity (II).” 19th-Century Music, vol. 3, no. 1, 1979, pp. 52–63.