CHALLENGES TVET GRADUATES FACE DURING SCHOOL TO WORK TRANSITION IN SELECTED TECHNICAL UNIVERSITIES IN GHANA

Bashiru Mohammed

Abstract


Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) has fundamentally been the avenue for creating technically skilled graduates whose skills were meant to have been fused into Ghana’s industrial sector to improve and ensure performance at the highest level. For this reason, technical universities have been established in each of the ten (10) regions to provide targeted skilled education to students. Unfortunately, certain challenges have hindered the ability of these technical universities to live up to its core function in Ghana by preparing students to take up entrepreneurship activities. The crust of the study was to identify the transitional challenges and suggest actionable strategies that can be adopted to improve the fortunes of technical universities towards creating a more sustainable educational system that can make School-work transition easier for graduates. The study objectives covered from identifying the transitional challenges, strategies that can be adopted to remedy these challenges and the benefits of TVET as a strategic means of reducing the rate of graduate unemployment. The study adopted a mixed method research design and used both qualitative and quantitative methods to collected primary data using questionnaires and interviews. Even though other challenges were identified, the findings revealed the most peculiar challenge is lack of supportive system during transition and the disconnection between curriculum and business needs. The study therefore recommends government to formulate policies for the smooth transition of these graduates, employ professionals and develop work-based courses to enhance the attractiveness of Technical universities.

Keywords; Employment, Strategies, transition, graduate, school-work


Keywords


Employment, Strategies, transition, graduate, school-work

References


Adei, S. (2018). "Enhancing the Development of Ghana through Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET): the role of Technical Universities, A speech read at the First Convocation Lecture organised by the Takoradi Technical University, Ghana

Aryeetey, E. B.-D., Doh, D., & Andoh, P. (2011). From Prejudice to Prestige: Vocational Education and Training in Ghana. City & Guilds Centre for Skills Development, 1-46.

Baah-Wiredu K. (2008). Promoting quality technical and vocational education and training- the impact on the Ghanaian economy, A speech read at the conference of association of Principals of Training institutions (APTI) at ST. Paul’s Technical Institute at Kukurantumi.

Becker, G.S. (1964) Human Capital; a Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education.

Bennell, P., & Segerstrom, J. (1998). Vocational Education and Training in Developing Countries: Has the World Bank got it Right? International Journal of Educational Development, 2-17.

Caggiano, M., (2017). Challenges and opportunities of the Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system in Ghana. Retrieved from https://sustainableskills.org/ghana-challenges-opportunities-technical-vocational-education-training-system/

Geh, N. (2017) From polytechnic to Technical University, retrieved from http://www.yourcommonwealth.org/social-development/education/from-polytechnics-to-technical-universities/

Ghana Education Service. (1984). Ghana Education Service. Policy, Planning and Administration of Technical and Vocational Education in Ghana, 1113.

Government of Ghana (2003). Ghana’s Education System, Retrieved from http://www.ghana.gov.gh/ghana/give_equal_atention_vocational and technical Speech on Technical Vocational Training, Ghana Education Service.

Government of Ghana (2003). Ghana’s Education System, Retrieved from http://www.ghana.gov.gh/ghana/give_equal_atention_vocational and technical Speech on Technical Vocational Training, Ghana Education Service.

Grierson, J and Young, C. (2002). Technical and vocational education and training in twenty-first century: New Roles and Challenges for Guidance and Counselling. Division of Secondary, Technical and Vocational Education, UNESO, Paris.

Ideh, V. (2013). Students’ perception of strategies for improving delivery of Industrial Work Experience in Delta State University, Abraka. Nigeria Vocational Association Journal, 18 (2), 237-242.

Ikeoji, C. N. & Agwubike, C.C. (2006). Approaches for effective vocationalization of secondary school agriculture in Nigeria: The views of Agricultural Science teachers in Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension. 12 (3), 213-

Janjua, Y., & Irfan, M. (2008). Situation analysis to support the programme design process for National Skills Strategy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. SEBCON (Pvt) Limited Socio-economic and Business Consultants, Islamabad.

Mantar, L. (2013, August 21). Youth Unemployment Contributes To Underdevelopment. Retrieved October 30, 2013, from The Accra Mail: http://www.theaccramail.com/?p=2091

Morris, H. A. (2013). Revisiting quality assurance for technical and vocational education and training (TEVT) in the Caribbean. Caribbean Curriculum Vol. 21, p. 121-148.

Obioma, G. O. (2015). Education in Nigeria: Meeting the UN Post-2015 Development Agenda. Keynote address presented at the 2015 National Conference of the Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan. Wednesday 15th April.

Offiong, A. A., Akpan, A. G., & Usoro, S. H. (2013). Funding of Vocational Technical Education in Nigeria in Times of Global Economic Recession. An International Journal of Arts and Humanities. 2 (2), 149-158.

Okeshola, F. B. (2012). Challenges facing the realization of Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) in educational reform in Nigeria. European Scientific Journal 8 (3), 201-205.

Olorunfemi, A. I., & Ashaolu, M. O.(2008). A pragmatic approach in engineering education teaching methods and industry partnership. A paper presented at the European Society for Engineering Education, AALBORG, Denmark.

Oser, F & Volery, T. (2012). Sense of failure and sense of success among entrepreneurs: the identification and promotion of neglected twin entrepreneurial competencies. Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training, 4(1), 27–44.

Palmer, R. (2005). Skills for work? From skills development to decent livelihoods in Ghana’s rural informal economy. Edinburgh, Scotland: Centre of African Studies, University of Edinburgh.

Schultz, T.W. (1961) Investment in Human Capital', American economic review 51(1): 1-17

Scott, J. L. (2014). Overview of career and technical education (5th ed) Illinois: American Technical Publishers.

Seng, S. L. (2004).Vocational Education Challenges and strategies, Suzhou China, International Symposium.

Shah, I.H. (2004). Problems and prospects technical education in Pakistan. University of Arid Agriculture, PhD Thesis, Murree Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

UNESCO, (2010). EFA Global Monitoring Report 2010: Reaching the Marginalized. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Yusuf, M. A. & Soyemi, J. (2012). Achieving sustainable economic development in Nigeria through Technical Vocational Education and Training: The missing link. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences 2 (2), 71-77.

Ziderman, A. (2003), Financing Vocational Training in Sub-Saharan Africa, World Bank Publications.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/journal.v9i6.1928

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




.............................................................................................................................

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

.............................................................................................................................

If you find difficulties in submitting manuscript please forward your doc file to support@theartsjournal.org. Our support team will assist you in submission process and other technical matters.

In order to get notifications on inbox please add theartsjournal.org in your email safe list.

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Print) ISSN:2167-9045

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Online) ISSN: 2167-9053

[Journal of Arts and Humanities previously published by MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, MD, USA. From February 2018 this journal is published by the LAR Center Press, OR, USA]