Legal Implications of the Arrangement of Authority of the Indonesian National Army in Overcoming the Armed Separatist Movement, Armed Rebellion and Terrorism

Tri Ubayanto, Sudarsono sudarsono, Iwan Permadi, Setyo Widagdo

Abstract


Problems related to the Regulation of the Indonesian National Armed Forces (TNI) in overcoming the Armed Separatist Movement, Armed Rebellion and Acts of Terrorism in NRI Law No. 34 of 2004 concerning the TNI include Philosophical Problems, namely Ontologically the distortion of the nature of separatists, rebellion, and acts of terrorism, and in epistemology, the method of regulating separatist authority, rebellion, and acts of terrorism creates multiple interpretations and does not create integrated legal handling. Juridical problems, namely Article 7 paragraph (3) Law No. 34 of 2004 are implemented based on state policy and political decisions. It also deviates from the provisions of Article 5 paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia which states that: The President establishes government regulations. Whereas Theoretical Problems include authority theory, unitary state theory, sovereignty theory, hermeneutical theory, defense theory. The purpose of this research is to find the legal implications of the TNI Authority to Overcome armed separatist movements, armed insurgencies and acts of terrorism. This research is a normative legal research using the statutory approach, historical approach, comparative approach, philosophical approach. The analysis technique is done by qualitative juridical analysis. The results showed that the legal implications of regulating the authority of the TNI in overcoming the Armed Separatist Movement, Armed Rebellion based on the results of this study found several problems including legal obscurity and conflicting norms because there were postulates that contradicted the 1945 Constitution which clearly stated in article 5 paragraph (2 ) The President establishes a Government Regulation (PP) to implement the law. So the step that needs to be taken by the government is to revise Law no. 34 of 2004 which regulates the involvement of the TNI in combating armed separatism, armed insurgency, and acts of terrorism based on an assessment of the escalation of threats made by stakeholders from civilian authorities followed by a mechanism for forming political decisions to use TNI forces. The revision of Law number 34 of 2004 concerning the TNI should be a legal umbrella for the use of the strength of special TNI units and ensure the role and involvement of the TNI in combating armed separatism, armed insurgency, and acts of terrorism.

Keywords


Indonesian National Army (TNI), separatist movements, armed uprisings, terrorism, legal implications

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/journal.v9i5.1913

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