The Roots of Ecofeminism in Terry Tempest Williams “Refuge”
Keywords:Ecofeminisim, Terry Williams, feminist and ecological movements, nature
AbstractThere are strong ties that relate women to nature as women have been well known for their struggle not only for their rights, but also to protect and save the environment. Ecofeminism aims to liberate both assuming that they are the material basis of life. The study here, focuses on this relationship while examining the oppression practiced by men on both women and nature. Through the roots of ecofeminism Terry Tempest Williams explores in Refuge an Unnatural History of Family and Place the injustice of men and how she along with other female companions have stood against it. The study also explains how ecofeminists argue to eliminate the patriarchal structure to resist such domination practiced by men.
Baker, Susan. (1995). Ecofeminism and its Contribution to Feminist
Theory. Cardiff.: University of Wales.
Cheney, Jim. (1987). Eco-Feminism and Deep Ecology. Environmental Ethics, 9 (2), 155-145.
Greta Gaard, Patrick D Murphy. (1998). Ecofeminist Literary Criticism: Theory, Interpretation,
Pedagogy. US: University of Illinois Press.
Li, Huey Li. (2007). Ecofeminism as a Pedagogical Project: Women, Nature, and Education.
Educational Theory, 57 (3), 351–368.
Ling, Chen. (2014). Ecological Criticism Based on Social Gender: The Basic Principales of
Ecofeminism. Higher Education of Social Science,7 (1),67-72.
Merchant, Carolyn. (1980). The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution. New York: Harper and Row.
Murphy, Patrick D. (1995). Literature, Nature, and Other: Ecofeminist Critiques. US: State
University of New York Press.
Ruether, Rosemary Radford. (1975). New Woman/New Earth: Sexist Ideologies and Human
Liberation. New York: Seabury.
Ruether, Rosemary Radford, ed. (1996). Women Healing Earth: Third World Women on
Ecology, Feminism, and Religion. Maryknoll: Orbis Books.
Susan Griffin. (1987). Woman and Nature: The Roaring Inside Her. San Francisco: Harper and
Thoreau, Henry David. (1983). Walden and Civil Disobedience . New York: Penguin.
Warren, Karen. (1994). Ecological Feminism. US : Routledge.
Williams, Terry Tempest. (1991). Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place. US:
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).