The Significance of Philanthropy and Piety Conducted by the White and Black Characters: A Study on Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s CA

Nuriadi Nuriadi Nuriadi

Abstract


Uncle Tom’s Cabin is a novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852. It dealt with the slavery in America in antebellum era. Regarding this context, there are two issues emerging in the novel i.e. philanthropy conducted by the white people and piety held by the black people or the slaves. So, this paper discusses a problematic statement that is how philanthropy and piety are significant in sense of facing the heartless slavery of the blacks. Both issues appear in two different plots; that is, a plot dealing with Eliza and George running away to Canada, and the other dealing with Uncle Tom who does not want to run away but remains loyally as a slave until his death. This paper applies Mukarovsky’s dynamic structuralism as a theoretical framework to analyze the issues of philanthropy and piety, namely, by utilizing the historical, philosophical, and cultural facts as the materials to elaborate the literary facts. Through this study, it is finally found out that Stowe uses a double plot in order to emphasize that philanthropy conducted by some white people and the slave’s piety in embracing Christianity were really occurred in the antebellum era, pre-Civil War era (1851-1856) in the United States. Besides, this paper finds out that either philanthropy or piety is the ways for the characters of the novel to achieve their freedom. Concretely the freedom in this case refers to both physical and spiritual meanings.  


Keywords


Philanthropy, piety, slave, white Americans, black americans, physical freedom, spiritual freedom

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrams, M.H. (1953). The Mirror and The Lamp. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brophy, Alfred L. (2015). “Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Critique of Slave Law in Uncle Tom’s Cabin”. Journal of Law and Religion. Volume 12, Issue 2. Pp. 457-506.

Bryson, Lyman, et al. (1956). Aspects of Human Quality. New York: Orbis Books.

Elkins, M. Stanley. (1976). Slavery. Third edition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Evans, Curtis. 2012. “The Chief Glory of God [Is] in Self-Denying, Suffering Love!: True Religion in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin”. The Journal of Religion. Volume 92, Issue 4, Pp. 498-514.

Foner, Eric, et al. (1991). The Reader’s Companion to American History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Gabriel, Ralph. H. (1991). Nilai-nilai Amerika: Pelestarian dan Perubahan (terj.). Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Garner, Bryan A. (1999). Black’s Law Dictionary. Seventh edition. Texas: West Group.

Genovese, Eugene D. (1976). The World, the Slaves Made. New York; Vintage Books.

Hochman, Barbara. (2011). “Uncle Tom’s Cabin and the Reading Revolution: Race, Literacy, Childhood, and Fiction, 1851-1911”. Amherst: University of Massachussetts Press. Pp. 377.

Hollinger, David (ed.). (2001). The American Intellectual Tradition. Volume I. Fourth edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hornby, A.S. (1974). Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Leahy, Louis S.J. (1998). Misteri Kematian: Suatu Pendekatan Filosofis. Jakarta: P.T. Gramedia.

Meyendorf, John. (1992). Salvation in Christ: a Lutheran – Orthodox Dialogue. Augsburg: Augsburg Fortress.

Nickel, James W. (1987). Making Sense of Human Rights: Philosophical Reflections on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Onuckwugha, Gerald Onyewuchi. Death and Dying in the African Context. Website: http://www.nathanielturner.com/deathanddyingafrican.htm Accessed on January 5, 2016.

Plattner, Marc F. (1998). Liberalism and Democracy: Can’t Have One Without the Other. In Democracy. New York: A Foreign Affairs Reader.

Sower, Jessy. (2010). “The Changing Role of the Women in America”. In Emergence: A Journal of Undergraduate Literary Criticism and Creative Research. Accessed in https://journals.english.ucsb.edu, on December 21, 2017.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. (1965). Uncle Tom’s Cabin or Life Among the Lowly. New York: A Perennial Classic, Harper & Row, Publishers.

Teeuw, A. (2003). Sastra dan Ilmu Sastra. Third edition. Jakarta: PT. Pustaka Jaya.

Todd, Paul Lewis and Curti, Merle. (1972). Rise of the American Nation. Third edition. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.

VanSpanckeren, Kathryn. (2000). Garis Besar Kesusasteraan Amerika. Lembaga Penerangan Amerika Serikat.

--------------. Harriet Beecher Stowe. www.womenwriters.net/stowe1.htm Accessed on December 24, 2017.

Wald, Kenneth D. (2003). Religion and Politics in the United States. Fourth edition. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/journal.v7i12.1543

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




.............................................................................................................................

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

.............................................................................................................................

If you find difficulties in submitting manuscript please forward your doc file to support@theartsjournal.org. Our support team will assist you in submission process and other technical matters.

In order to get notifications on inbox please add theartsjournal.org in your email safe list.

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Print) ISSN:2167-9045

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Online) ISSN: 2167-9053

[Journal of Arts and Humanities previously published by MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, MD, USA. From February 2018 this journal is published by the LAR Center Press, OR, USA]