An Analysis of the Heroine of North and South---Margaret Hale as an Independent Woman
Keywords:independent women, Margaret, North and South, Mrs. Gaskell
AbstractMrs. Gaskell is a very important woman writer in the 19th century in Britain, and she is famous for her social novels, in which she highlights complicated social conflicts. North and South is usually considered as the turning point of Mrs. Gaskell’s literary creation, in which she suggests for the first time that there should be a hope of a reconciliation between the working class and the bourgeoisie. Also, the author vividly depicted an independent woman with a sharp mind and a deliberate manner in the book, that is, Margaret Hale. She seems to be very special when compared with the women around her and very attractive to men for her peculiar thoughts as well as her beautiful looks. This thesis mainly analyzes the attractive heroine of the novel in three aspects: her independent character, her independent action and her independent thoughts. What’s more, the thesis aims to shed light on the characteristics a “New Woman” should be endowed with. The heroine, to some extent, is the author Mrs. Gaskell herself, rejecting inferiority to men and defending the rights to express themselves freely. All in all, this thesis tries to enlighten people on woman’s position in today’s society by deriving some inspirations from the literary work.
Baily, J. Contemporary British Feminism: Opening the Door to Men?[J]. Social Movement Studies, 2015, (144).
Collins, P. The Social Novel in England 1830–1850: Dickens, Disraeli, Mrs Gaskell, Kingsley[J]. Urban History, 1974 (1).
Jaquette, J. Women and Modernization Theory: A Decade of Feminist Criticism[J]. World Politics, 1982 (342).
Larner, A. Headache in the writings of Elizabeth Gaskell (1810-1865).[J]. Journal of medical biography, 2014.
Purvis, J. Towards a History of Women's Education in Nineteenth Century Britain: a sociological analysis[J]. International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 1981 (41).
Suter, E. & Toller, P. Gender Role and Feminism Revisited: A Follow-Up Study[J]. Sex Roles, 2006 (551).
党美丽. 国内盖斯凯尔夫人研究综述[J]. 山花,2014(12):145-146.
楼幸,陈许. 铿锵玫瑰——用原型理论解读《南方与北方》中的玛格丽特[J]. 剑南文学(经典教苑),2013(6):68-71.
吴晓凤. 女性意识与英国19世纪初中期的文学[J]. 语文学刊,2006,(2):113-114.
伊丽莎白•盖斯凯尔. 《北方与南方》[M].主万译.北京：人民文学出版社, 1987.
赵利翔. 十年来国内关于盖斯凯尔夫人小说的研究综述[J]. 海外英语,2014 (19):215-216.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).