Parental Grief and Marital Issues Aftermath: A Pilot Study

Nur Atikah Mohamed Hussin, Azlinda Azman

Abstract


The death of a child is difficult to the bereaved parents. Literature had associated the loss with marriage disruption. The issues on that the difficulties to communicate, gender-related coping mechanisms and sexual need were discussed as reasons for bereaved parents to have conflict in their relationship. However there is limited knowledge about this issue. A pilot study has been conducted among six bereaved parents. The bereaved parents were Malaysian Muslim bereaved parents. They were interviewed individually to explore the challenges or conflicts that they had experienced after the death of their child. This study revealed that there were situations which bereaved parents described as having difficulties in their relationship. However, this study also revealed that the mutual understanding and respect to each other are the most of important components for bereaved parents to maintain their relationship post-loss. This study suggested the importance of suggesting couple counselling to bereaved parents after the death of their child.


Keywords


Coping style, communication, marital dyad, parental grief, pilot study, qualitative.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson, M. J., Marwit, S. J., Vandenberg, B., & Chibnall, J. T. (2005).Psychological and religious coping strategies of mothers bereaved by the sudden death of a child.Death Studies Journal, 29, 811-826.

Arnold, J., & Gemma, P. (2008).The continuing process of parental grief. Death Studies Journal, 32, 658–673.

Arnold,JH & Gemma PB. (1994). A Child Dies A Portrait of Family Grief. Philadelphia, PA: The Charles Press Publishers.

Arnold JH, Gemma PB. (1991). In Corr CA, Fuller H, Barnickol CA, Corr DM, eds. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Who Can Help and How. New York: Springer Publishing Company, Inc.

Barr, P., & Cacciatore, J. (2008).Personal fear of death and grief in bereaved mothers.Death Studies Journal, 32, 445–460.

Baxter, L. A., & Montgomery, B. M. (1996). Relating: Dialogues and dialectics. New York:Guilford Press.

Becvar, D. S. (2001).In the presence of grief. New York: Guilford Press.

Benkel, I., Wijk, H., &Molander, U. (2009). Family and friends provide most social support the bereaved. Palliative Medicine Journal, 23, 141-149.

Bosticco, C., & Thompson, T. L. (2005).Narratives and storytelling in coping with grief andbereavement.Omega, 51, 1_16.

Brabant, S., Forsyth, C., & McFarlain, G. (1995). Life after the death of a child: Initial and long termsupport from others. Omega, 31, 67_85.

Cacciatore, J. (2010). The unique experiences of women and their families after the death of a baby.Social Work in Health Care Journal, 49, 134–148.

Carroll, R., & Schaefer, S. (1994). Similarities and differences in spouses coping with SIDS.Omega Journal, 28, 273–284.

Cordell, A. S. & Thomas, N. (1997). Perinatal loss: Intensity and duration of emotional recovery. Omega Journal, 35, 297-308.

Corr, C. A., Nabe, C. M., &Corr, D. M. (2000).Death and dying, life and living (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Dokka, K. J. & Davidson, J.D., Ed. (1998). Living with grief; Who we are, how we grieve.heverly, MD: Page Productions.

Dyregrov, A., & Dyregrov, K. (1999). Long-term impact of sudden infant death: A 12- to 15-year follow-up. Death Studies Journal, 23, 635-661

Finkbeiner, A. K. (1996). After the death of a child: Living with loss through the years. New York: The Free Press.

Foster, T., Gillespie, K., McClelland, R., et al (1999) Risk factors for suicide independent of DSM—III—R Axis I disorder. Case control psychological autopsy study in Northern Ireland. British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 175 -179.

Frankl, V.E., (1978). The unheard cry for meaning. New York: Simon & Schuster

Hastings, S. (2000). Self-disclosure and identity management by bereaved parents. Communication Studies, 51, 352_371.

Kachoyeanos, M. .& Selder, F. E. (1993). Life transitions of parents at the unexpected death of a schoolaged and older child. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 8(1), 41-49.

Kamm, S., & Vandenberg, B. (2001).Grief communication, grief reactions and marital satisfaction in bereaved parents.Death Studies, 25, 569582.

Kim, H. S., Sherman, D. K., & Taylor, S. E. (2008).Culture and social support. American Psychologist, 63, 518-526.

Lang, A. & Gottlieb, L. (1993).Parental grief reactions and marital intimacy following infant death.Death Studies Journal, 17, 233-255.

Li, J., Laursen, T. M., Precht, D. H., Olsen, J., & Mortensen, P. B. (2005).Hospitalization for mental illness among parents after the death of a child.The New England Journal & Medicine, 352, 1190-1196.

Li, J., Precht, D. H., Mortensen, P. B., & Olsen, J. (2003). Mortality in parents after death of a child in Denmark: A nationwide follow-up study. The Lancet Journal, 361, 363-367

Markus, H. R., &Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224- 253.

Martin, T. L. and Doka, K. J. (2000). Men don’t cry…women do: Transcending gender stereotypes of grief. PA: Brunner/Mazel.

Moriarty, H. J., Carroll, R., & Cotroneo, M. (1996).Differences in bereavement reactions within couples following death of a child.Research in Nursing & Health Journal, 19, 461 – 469.

Murphy, S. A., Johnson, L. C., & Lohan, J. (2003). Finding meaning in a child’s violent death: A five- year prospective analysis of parents’ personal narratives and empirical data. Death Studies Journal, 27, 381–404.

Najman, J. M., Vance, J. C., Boyle, F., Embleton, G., Foster, B., &Thearle, J. (1993). The impact of a child death on marital adjustment.Social Science and Medicine Journal, 37, 1005-1010

Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Larson, J. (1999).Coping with loss. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

Rando, T. A. (1991). Parental adjustment to the loss of a child. In D. Papadatou& C. Papadatos

(Eds.), Children and death (pp. 233_253). New York: Hemisphere Publishing.

Raphael B, Wooding S. (2004).Early mental health interventions for traumatic loss in adults. In: Litz B, d. Early intervention for trauma and traumatic loss. New York: Guilford Press.

Rogers, C. H., Floyd, F. J., Seltzer, M. M., Greenberg, J., & Hong, J. (2008).Long-term effects of the death of a child on parents' adjustment in midlife.Journal of Family Psychology, 22(2), 203- 211.

Rosenblatt, P.C. (2000). Parent grief: Narratives of loss and relationship. PA: Taylor & Francis Group.

Rothery, M., &Enns, G. (2001).Clinical practice with families. New York: Haworth.

Samuelsson, M., Rådestad, I., &Segesten, K. (2001). A waste of life: Fathers’ experience of losing a child before birth. Birth Journal, 28, 124-130

Schwab, R. (1996). Gender differences in parental grief.Death Studies, 20, 103_113.

Schwab, R. (1990). Paternal and maternal coping with the death of a child.Death Studies Journal, 14, 407-422.

Sedney, M. A., Baker, J. E., & Gross, E. (1994). ‘‘The story’’ of a death: Therapeutic considerations with bereaved families. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 20, 287_296.

Staudacher, C. (1991). Men and grief. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications

Stillion, J. M., & McDowell, E. E. (2001-2002). The early demise of the “stronger” sex: Gender related causes of sex differences in longevity. Omega Journal, 44, 301-318

Stinson, K. M., & Lasker, J. N. (1992). Parents’ grief following pregnancy loss: A comparison of mothers and fathers. Family Relations Journal, 41, 218-224.

Tamres, L. K., Janicki, D., & Helgeson, V. S. (2002). Sex differences in coping behaviour: A meta analytic review and an examinations of relative coping. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 2–30

Toller, P. & Braithwaite, D. (2009) Grieving together and apart: Bereaved parents’ contradictions of marital interaction.Journal of Applied Communications Research, 37(3), 257-277

Vance, J. C., Boyle, F. M., Najman, J. M., & Thearle, M. J. (1995).Gender differences in parental psychological distress following perinatal death or sudden infant death syndrome.British Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 806-811.

Wijngaards-de Meij, L., Stroebe, M., Schut, H., Stroebe, W., van den Bout, J., van der Heijden, P., &Dijkstra, I. (2005). Couples at risk following the death of their child: Predictors of grief versus depression. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 617- 623

Wiinamki, M. K. & Ferguson, D. L. (1998). Couples and catastrophe: Dealing with the death of a child through intimacy therapy. Journal of Couples Therapy, 7(4), 19-35

Wing D. G, Burge Callaway, C., Clance, P.R & Armistead L., (2001). Understand gender differences in bereavement following death of an infant: Implications for treatment. Psychotherapy Journal, 38 (1), 60-73

Wood, J., & Milo, E. (2001). Father’s grief when a disabled child dies. Death Studies Journal, 25, 635-661.

Worden, J. W. (1991). Grief counselling and grief therapy: A handbook for the mental health practitioner (2nd ed.). New York: Springer.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18533/journal.v5i6.931

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




.............................................................................................................................

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

.............................................................................................................................

If you find difficulties in submitting manuscript please forward your doc file to support@theartsjournal.org. Our support team will assist you in submission process and other technical matters.

In order to get notifications on inbox please add theartsjournal.org in your email safe list.

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Print) ISSN:2167-9045

Journal of Arts and Humanities (Online) ISSN: 2167-9053

[Journal of Arts and Humanities previously published by MIR Center for Socio-Economic Research, MD, USA. From February 2018 this journal is published by the LAR Center Press, OR, USA]