LOCAL PERCEPTIONS OF DROUGHTS AND CONFLICTS IN LAIKIPIA WEST SUB– COUNTY, KENYA

Authors

  • PETER NGUGI KAMAU KARATINA UNIVERSITY
  • Joyce Waruguru Mwangi Karatina University
  • Tom Odhiambo Ouna

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18533/jah.v9i11.2012

Abstract

This study sought to analyse local communities’ perceptions of the relationship between drought and conflicts in Laikipia West Sub County, Kenya. The study examined trends in droughts and conflicts in Laikipia West Sub County between 2007 and 2018 and analysed local views on the relationships between droughts and conflicts. Primary data was collected using questionnaires and semi-structured interviews with key informants involving 174 participants. The study also relied on secondary data from the County Government of Laikipia and other government agencies. This study has found that severe droughts in the study area occur in the months of January to March and this also the period when most conflicts happen. An analysis of narratives from participants in the study showed that local perceptions of droughts and conflicts are mostly influenced by ethnicity and livelihood conditions. Residents of Laikipia West Sub County identified at least ten drought adaptations strategies which can be implemented in their localities. This study has revealed many opportunities for collaboration between local communities and governments to address droughts and conflicts in Laikipia West Sub County. The findings of this study will be useful in formulating long term strategies to mitigate droughts and conflicts in the study area.  

Author Biographies

Joyce Waruguru Mwangi, Karatina University

Joyce Waruguru is a Masters Student at Karatina University. She is the first author of the article.

Tom Odhiambo Ouna

Dr. Tom Ouna is a Lecturer in the Department of Humanities and Languages, Karatina University, Kenya. P.O Box 1957-10101, Karatina Kenya. Email address: touna@karu.ac.ke

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Published

2020-12-24

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