The Language Family Relation of Local Languages in Gorontalo Province (A Lexicostatistic Study)
AbstractThis study aims to find out the relation of language family and glottochronology of Gorontalo language and Atinggola language in Gorontalo Province. The research employed a comparative method, and the research instrument used a list of 200 basic Morris Swadesh vocabularies. The data source was from documents or gloss translation of 200 basic vocabularies and interview of two informants (speakers) of Gorontalo and Atinggola languages. Data analysis was done by using the lexicostatistic technique. The following indicators were used to determine the word family: (a) identical pairs, (b) the word pairs have phonemic correspondences, (c) phonetic similarities, and (d) a different phoneme. The results of data analysis reveal that there are 109 or 55.05% word pairs of the word family out of 200 basic vocabularies of Swadesh. The results of this study also show that the glottochronology of Gorontalo language and Atinggola language are (a) Gorontalo and Atinggola languages are one single language at 1.377 + 122 years ago, (b) Gorontalo and Atinggola languages are one single language at 1,449 - 1,255 years ago. This study concludes that (a) the relation of the kinship of these two languages is in the family group, (b) glottochronology (separation time between Gorontalo language and Atinggola language is between 1.4 to 1.2 thousand years ago or in the 12th – 14th century.Keywords: relation, kinship level, local language, Gorontalo Province, lexicostatistics study
Bellwood, P. (2000). Prasejarah kepulauan Indo-Malay. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Umum.
BPS. (2010). Buku pedoman pencacah sensus penduduk BPS 2010 dan buku kewarganegaraan, suku bangsa, agama, dan bahasa sehari-hari penduduk Indonesia: Hasil sensus penduduk Indonesia 2010 [Manual for population census of BPS 2010 and book of citizenship, ethnicity, religion, and language of Indonesian population: Result of Indonesian population census 2010]. Retrived from https://id.wikipedia.org/ wiki/Daftar_bahasa_di_Indonesia_menurut_BPS_2010
Chaer, A. (2007). Kajian bahasa (Struktur internal, pemakaian dan pembelajaran). [Language study (Internal structure, use and learning)]. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
Dyen, I. (1965). A lexical-statistical classification of the Melayu-Polynesian languages. Baltimore: Waverly Press.
Fernandes, I. (1993). Penelitian kekerabatan dan pemetaan bahasa di Indonesia [Research on language mapping and kinship in Indonesia]. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
Hockett, C. F. (1963). A course in modern linguistics. New York: The MacMillan Company.
Keraf, G. (1991). Linguistik bandingan historis [Historical comparative linguistics]. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Kridalaksana, H. (2008). Kamus linguistik (Edisi 4) [Dictionary of linguistics 4th edition]. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Mahsun. (2000). Bahasa daerah sebagai sarana peningkatan pemahaman kondisi kebinekaaan dalam ketunggalikaan masyarakat Indonesia ke arah pemikiran dalam mereposisi fungsi bahasa daerah (Dalam politik bahasa) [Regional language as a means of enhancing the understanding of the condition of diversity of Indonesian society to the thought of repositioning the function of regional language (In language politics). Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.
Mahsun. (2007). Metode penelitian bahasa (Tahapan, strategi, metode, dan tekniknya) [Research methods on language (steps, strategies, methods and techniques)]. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.
Mbete, A. M. (1990). Rekonstruksi proto Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa [Reconstruction of proto Bali-Sasak-Sumbawa]. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Post Graduate Program Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.
Parera, D .J. (1991). Kajian linguistik umum historis komparatif dan tipologi struktural [Study on comparative historical general linguistics and structural typology]. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Swadesh, M. (1952). Lexicostatistic Dating of prehistoric ethnic contacts. Proceedings of the American Phylosophical Society.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).